January 01, 2015 = 400.37 ppm

In 2014 carbon dioxide concentrations reached 400 ppm on March 12, 2014. That was nearly two months earlier then 2013. In 2015? How about January 1st. It doesn't seem to be going down. You read it here first.

 

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October–You Know it Was!

I'm a little late in reporting this fact. October was the hottest October on record. Maybe I should just wait for November's numbers to come in. This has become a monthly post that I just keep repeating. I thinking of creating a template and substitute whatever month I need to use. I do find it interesting that the fact 2014 is almost certain to be the hottest year on record more news outlets are actually reporting on it. But I actually search for this information so I'm not sure your average citizen is receiving the word. I wonder what people in the eastern part of the United States thinks about these records.

Looking at the map you can see how warm the ocean areas have been. NOAA explains:

The global oceans were the warmest on record for October, with a temperature that averaged 0.62°C (1.12°F) higher than the 20th century average. This marks the sixth month in a row (beginning in May 2014) that the global ocean temperature broke its monthly temperature record.

The warmer Northern Pacific Ocean might explain why we are getting good amounts of rain in California at this time. It's seem to be a warm rain.

The current reading of CO2 in the atmosphere, according to the Keeling Curve website, is 398.67 ppm. It began it's inevitable rise near the beginning of October. It will reach 400 ppm sooner and stay above that level longer this year. Remember that 350 ppm is thought to be the safe level.

 

 

 

 

Hottest May, Hottest Spring and still over 400ppm

Broken record? You bet! I have a feeling that this year just might be the hottest on record based on what’s happened so far.

A map showing the blended land and sea surface temperature percentiles in May 2014. Hot spots in red over both land and ocean.
CREDIT: NOAA

“Last month broke a temperature record, averaging 59.93 degrees Fahrenheit — a degree and a third (1.33°F) above the 20th century baseline, according to new data released Monday by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. May 2014 was the 39th consecutive May that was warmer than average. This was also the 351st consecutive month where the global temperature was hotter than the 20th century average, meaning if you are 29 years old, you have never experienced a colder-than-average month in your life.

Since New Year’s Day, even as the U.S. shivered through the polar vortex, the planet as a whole experienced its fifth-warmest January-through-May on record — 1.19°F above the 20th century average. The last “hottest May” record was set in 2010. 2012 was the third-warmest, 1998 the fourth, and 2013 the fifth-warmest on record.

Where was it the warmest? Mostly over the oceans. The planet’s seas broke the high temperature record last set in the El Niño year of 1998 — coming in for a 1.06°F global monthly-averaged sea surface temperature.

The ocean temperature rise is important, as a study last year suggested that 30 to 40 percent of the heat trapped over the last decade or so has moved into the deep ocean. As those depths warm up, it gets harder for that deep warmth to be concealed — and now measurements are showing the surface water is warmer than ever.”

The full story can be found on this ClimateProgress blog.

For climate deniers that say we’re cooling here’s the graphs that prove them wrong.

The reality of the inexorable warming trend facing the human race doesn’t get much clearer than what you see in this graph.

CREDIT: NOAA

“Hottest Spring On Record Globally, Reports Japan Meteorological Agency” … You can find this story here.

First or second still hasn’t been determined but that doesn’t mean much. NASA and NOAA still hasn’t weighed in yet with their final analysis. 
 
 
Let’s head over to the Keeling Curve Website.
 
As you can see we are still over 400ppm of carbon dioxide in the the air. It’s gradually going down as predicted for the season but if it stays over 400ppm through June that will be 3 full months. That has never happened. You don’t hear about that on the news. In a few years it will be permanently over 400 unless we begin to take action.


 

We’ve Reached Another Level!

This is just another post on the Keeling Curve. I’ve written several already. One of those posts was the fact that we hit 400ppm of carbon dioxide in the air for the first time in human history last year in May. This year we hit the 400ppm mark in March two months earlier.

On March 17th, Robert Monroe (science writer for Scripps news and publications) wrote on the Keeling Curve website, “Ralph Keeling, director of the CO2 and O2 measurement programs at Scripps, said that the next significant milestone to be passed will be monthly averages in excess of 400 ppm. Fossil fuel burning continues to increase concentrations of the greenhouse gas to levels not seen in human history and not in perhaps as many as 3 to 5 million years.

“We’re already seeing values over 400,” said Keeling. “Probably we’ll see values dwelling over 400 in April and May. It’s just a matter of time before it stays over 400 forever.”

This April had a “monthly average” of over 400ppm. Certainly not a good “significant milestone”. We should get a pool going to bet on when the CO2 levels stay over the 400ppm line.

I found an interesting video that graphically illustrates the rise of carbon dioxide over time. As you can see we are in new territory!

 

 

401.34ppm

Some posts are easy to write. This is one of them. I’ve been working on a bike related post for several days and it still isn’t ready. This is one that writes itself. I’ve written about the Keeling Curve in other posts. The Keeling Curves reflects the amount of carbon in our atmosphere over time. I had been keeping track of the levels these last few weeks because it was approaching 400ppm but hadn’t check them for a few days. I was surprised to see that the latest level is at 401.34ppm and it’s been over 400ppm since the 12th. If you check the link above you will see that that is almost two months earlier then last year where it went over the 400ppm mark for the first time in human history. The following graphs show the same thing– just over a different time line.

 

The following is taken from the comments on the Keeling Curve website.

“Instruments at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii recorded atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide greater than 400 parts per million on March 12, 2014 nearly two months earlier than the date on which the milestone was passed in 2013.

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, reported a reading of 401.62 ppm on March 12 and a reading of 400.2 on March 13. Readings by instruments operated by NOAA also exceeded 400 ppm on those days.

Ralph Keeling, director of the CO2 and O2 measurement programs at Scripps, said that the next significant milestone to be passed will be monthly averages in excess of 400 ppm. Fossil fuel burning continues to increase concentrations of the greenhouse gas to levels not seen in human history and not in perhaps as many as 3 to 5 million years.

“We’re already seeing values over 400,” said Keeling. “Probably we’ll see values dwelling over 400 in April and May. It’s just a matter of time before it stays over 400 forever.”

As someone who tracks this kind of information, I’ve read nothing in all the various sources I track. I’ve heard nothing on the “liberal” news stations I listen to. My question–Is anyone paying attention?

Closing in on 400 ppm

Pictured above is the Keeling Curve. It shows the monthly average of Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere as measured at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii. As you can see we are closing in on 400 ppm. Scripps Institute of Oceanography operates a website that tracks what the current reading is. Currently the number is 399.72 ppm. You can find the site here

350.org is a climate change organization that feels that the ppm number is so important that they took the safe level of Carbon Dioxide as their name. They say that, “350 is the number that leading scientists say is the safe upper limit for carbon dioxide—measured in “Parts Per Million” in our atmosphere. 350 PPM—it’s the number humanity needs to get back to as soon as possible to avoid runaway climate change.”

So you can see that we are not doing a real good job getting down to 350.

This is the first time I’ve captured pictures off the web. Let’s do another one.