Wrap Up 2014

At the end of 2013 I did several posts that were titled, Wrap Up 1,2,3, and 4–The Birds, The Logistics, The Blog, and What's Next? Since 2013 was a “green” year, wrapping it up was a little more significant than 2014. I did not do as much birding in 2014 with most of my time spent doing bird survey work for Save Our Shorebirds(SOS) at Virgin Creek Beach and The Mendocino Land Trust on Big River. I did continue to do my weekly Little River Airport outings but didn't travel to inland Mendocino to bird. I also didn't blog as much in 2014 and I'm a little surprised that I've even kept this blog going. But I sort of enjoy blogging and it allows me to vent about the current state of birding like the last post (as of this writing, 1/13/15, the ABA still has not recognized Dorian Anderson on their blog), the sad state of the planet because of climate change, and news about biking and alternate means of travel.

So this will be a mini version of the 2013 Wrap Up posts and I'll try to get it done in one post.

Wrap Up–The Birds. Although I didn't spend as much time birding I did manage to see 220 bird species. 221 if you want to count the Mute Swan. I didn't spend anytime inland but did do two pelagic trips. I had 5 new county birds with 2 being lifers. I guess the best bird was the Cory's Shearwater. It's only the third record for California. I got a picture but it's not pretty and the California Bird Records Committee, our birding gods, haven't approved it yet.

The second lifer was a Murphy's Petrol which was too far off for a picture. Note that the two lifers were on pelagic trips. The biggest excitement for land birders was the Black Skimmer found on Virgin Creek Beach. It was a first record for Mendocino County with two more to follow in a short period of time.

I found a female Mountain Bluebird at the Little River Airport. The behavior of other birders trying to relocate the bird made me swear off reporting birds of high value found at the airport.

My fifth county bird is a secret. It has not been reported on any birding website and has not been Ebirded. This is because of it's threatened status in California. A colony of these birds was found in Mendocino County in 2013. Only a select few birders know of the existence of this colony and you will not get the location from me. The birds are Bank Swallows.

Some other notable birds that I got pictures of–a Lawrence Goldfinch at the Little River Airport.

My best picture of a South Polar Skua.

One of my favorite birds to get a picture of is the American Avocet. This one was on Virgin Creek Beach.

2014 was the year of the Elegant Tern in Mendocino County with hundreds being seen.

And finally a Pectoral Sandpaper which is not rare but I really like this picture of one dwarfed by the giant kelp.

The link to Wrap Up 1–The Birds for 2013 can be found here.

Wrap Up 2–the Logistics for 2013 can be found here. I'm a failure on the logistics for 2014. Didn't keep track of anything. Don't have any idea as to how many vehicle miles I saved. I have continued to use the bike and bus to do most of my birding. I fill-up my truck about every two months. The price of a bus pass has increased but it's still cheaper to ride the bus. I believe a round trip from Mendocino and Fort Bragg is now $1.06 instead of $.96. Due to a tire change by Catch a Canoe and Bicycles Too I had no broken spokes or flat tires. The bus was generally on time. So much for logistics.

Wrap Up 3–The Blog get a little more interesting. 2013 is here. At the end of 2013 I had 651 views of my blog. At the end of 2014 I had 2,584. A great increase in views. While in the big picture of blogs that might not be a high number, I'm happy with it. Comments were up to 92. That's 37 comments for 2014, down from 55 in 2013. Maybe people weren't as chatty this last year. I wrote 191 posts in 2013 (hard to believe) and only 82 in 2014.

In 2013 people in 25 countries had viewed my blog. At the end of 2014 that was up to 60. I need to fill in the map of Africa a little more. Just added Finland today. Who knew how popular I was in Moldova:>)


WordPress tells me that some of my most popular posts were written in 2013. One of those was the Psychology of Bus Riding Part Four–How Not to Sit Next to the Weirdo. I'm actually proud of this series of posts. It was picked-up by the Mendocino Transit Authority and linked to. This year it strangely took off again due to some financial company in England. The mysteries of blogging! Another 2013 post was the Collapse of Western Civilization: A View From the Future. It has continued to be a popular post for the last two years. My most viewed 2014 post was Haboobs–Is Phoenix Doomed. I think it is but I will let you decide.

My followers with blog sites remained the same in 2014. Check the link above for a listing. Many thanks for following my blog if you are still out there. I added two email followers for a total of four. One is a friend back in Pennsylvania. Kathryn, sorry for the PTSD problems that my post called Blues on Wheels caused. All of us former postal employees have the same memories. There is a local birder following me. Henri I recognized your email address. Thank you for checking out my blog. Alison, you are still my number one commentator, Le fael!

Wrap Up 4–What's Next. The link to 2013 is here. What's Next was sort of a projection of what I would accomplish in 2014. Some of my projections actually happened. This blog was continued. Many of the projects around the house got done with some of them being a work in progress. Rat, squirrel, and mouse proofing under the house got done. It wasn't a pleasant project. An old rotten fence got taken down and is part of a landscaping project still ongoing. Renewed an old interest in butterflies. My efforts to make California State Parks here in Mendocino County more friendly to bike riders will get done, hopefully soon. Hooded Merganser/Wood Duck nest boxes didn't get done but are still planned. I did get one bird house for swallows done. Of course it was made out of recycled material. Working on my photography was started but was limited. Getting caught up with my reading material didn't happen. Keeping most of my birding within a local count circle around my home is still being contemplated. Taking pictures of Happy birds is an ongoing project. This is the most elevated Fox Sparrow I have ever seen. Happy New Year!




















Another Birding Report

It's been a little while since I've written about the local birds that have been seen in Mendocino County so let's do that now.

Starting off where I ended with the last birding post is the group of six Aleutian Cackling Geese that were in a field along the Haul Road north of Fort Bragg back on October 24th. One of the birds had a blue neck collar. The band on it's right leg can't be seen in this picture.

I reported the Cackling Goose to the people at the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center Bird Banding Laboratory which is part of the United States Geological Survey. It's was easy to do in this case because the collar number was easy to see. The website can be found here. In many cases they depend on amateur birders like me to report these bands to them. They provide you with a Certificate of Appreciation with the full details on the reported bird. This is what it looks like.

It feels good to be appreciated. I saw several large flocks Of Cackling Geese fly over this Fall. This is just a small part of a large flock (220+) that flew over the community of Mendocino.

Next up on this list is a Mute Swan. Mute Swans had been reported on the Noyo River, Pudding Creek (as a Tundra Swan by one Ebirder) and this one at Lake Cleone. They are probably all the same bird.

All reports of Mute Swans in California have been rejected by the California Bird Record Committee. It's felt that they are all escapees from private collections.

A bird that is all wild is this American Advocet on Virgin Creek. It was there on October 30th, a fairly late date for Mendocino County.

Early in November there were several reports of Eurasian Wigeons in Mendocino County. This “bright” male was on the Caspar Pond.

During a SOS Survey at Virgin Creek Beach on the 11th of November, the best bird wasn't a shorebird. It was a Rock Wren. Rock Wren are listed as rare in this county but can be found regularly inland on the Lake Mendocino Dam. Very few are found on the coast. I like this picture because the colorations in the rock match the colorations in the bird. I heard that a fellow birder chasing the wren found a very rare Sage Thrasher in the same area. I think I should get partial credit for the Sage Thrasher:>)

On the way back from the SOS Survey there was this Lapland Longspur right beside the new bike path at Glass Beach. Based on Ebird it's the only one reported this year.

I have many of the MTA bus drivers reporting birds they have seen. I told them to be on the lookout for big white geese among the many flocks of Canada Geese they go by that are mostly on school playgrounds. Last Thursday one of them reported seeing two white geese at the Redwood School. By the time I got there they were gone. To avoid the Pineapple Express storm coming in I went into town to do my SOS Survey on Tuesday. Coming up to the Redwood School playground I saw two Snow Geese with the Canada Geese. I told the driver to slow down so I could get some pictures. She stopped and asked if I wanted to get out to take the pictures. I was the only one on the bus. I said “no” and snapped off a few shots through the window and fence of the school yard. Probably should have got out. Most of the pictures were bad.

Virgin Creek Beach was very dramatic that day. There was a 6' tide and a high surf event that left little beach to survey except the main beach. Have recently been finding Bonaparte's Gulls during the surveys. Found 5 that day and 3 more at Big River. That's a little unusual for this time of year.


I like Bonaparte's Gulls. They are graceful flyers and I have seen these birds dive into the water feeding.

After the survey I went up to Laguna Point to look for a Rock Sandpiper. The only one reported this year on Ebird was actually a Dunlin. This identification was caught by the reviewer. It took me a few minutes but one turned up. We only get a few at this time of the year. They are more common further north.

At the Laguna Point parking lot there was a very “friendly” Brant hanging out. An old timer said it had been there for a week. One of my bus drivers said that there had been two of them there.

On my SOS Surveys I've started to find evidence of the COASST program. They survey beaches for dead seabirds which they tag and record. This is what a dead seabird looks like when they are done with their survey. I think this is a small Eared or Horned Grebe but I'm not sure and neither or they.

That's the end of the birding news for now. The Fort Bragg Christmas Bird Count(CBC) is coming up two Saturday's from now. I've decided to rerun my comments from last year about CBC counts with a few notes added. Look for it soon.

Birding at the Little River Airport has been pretty slow. Recent rains have filled the ponds and flooded the trail to the airport. I did however have an encounter with a dangerous animal while at one of the ponds. It just didn't want me to get by. It was like a horror movie. I escaped with my life.





Birding News.

Birding on the coast has been interesting. It started off with a “bang” during the Peregrine Audubon sponsored pelagic trip on September 28th. The boat we used was the Telstar with Captain Randy.

Our leaders were Rob Fowler a bird trip leader from Humboldt County up north and Jon Dunn a nationally known bird expert. You will see his name on the National Geographic's Field Guide to Birds of North America and the Peterson's Guide to Warblers. He is currently a member of the California Bird Records Committee(CBRC). The CBRC members are considered our California birding gods. Here's a picture of Jon partially hidden behind another birder.

Weather and ocean conditions were good. The talk was of finding some rare warm water pelagic birds. There were plenty of birds flying out over the ocean for most of the day. At around 0830 hours and 5.4 miles out I heard Jon Dunn say, “get some pictures of this bird!!!” I spotted the bird but I was on the wrong side of the boat. Lucky for me it came by us again a little later and I was able to get a not so great series of pictures. Only the CBRC has seen this picture because it's so bad but it does show all the necessary points to identify a CORY'S SHEARWATER.

If accepted by the CBRC it will be only the third record for California. The CBRC's website says this about Cory's Shearwater.

Members of borealis breed on islands of the northeastern Atlantic Ocean, are common between May and October off the Atlantic coast of North America (less commonly in the Gulf of Mexico and rarely in the Caribbean Sea), and winter off South America’s Atlantic coast, with substantial numbers reaching the southwestern Indian Ocean (Marchant and Higgins 1990).

Cory’s Shearwater normally occurs over warm water, suggesting that the species may occasionally stray into the Pacific Ocean by way of the Indian Ocean. Another plausible mechanism would involve a bird in the Caribbean Sea or southwestern Gulf of Mexico (both areas where the species is exceptionally rare) being blown across either Panama or the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.

In other words it's hard for this bird to be found off the coast of California. It was a life bird for many people on the boat including me.

I did a little better with a Flesh-footed Shearwater. This bird nests in New Zealand and are fairly rare off our coast.

Nailed the South Polar Skua. We saw many of these which is not normal or we saw the same one over and over again.

Also got my first picture of an Arctic Tern.

While not good, this picture of an Ashy Storm-Petrel is the best I've gotten so far and it shows off it's strange shape and small size.

A brief mention about the carbon expenditure of a pelagic trip. The Telstar website says this about the boat.

The Telstar has recently gone through an engine upgrade. She is now powered by a fully electronic Cummins diesel engine. Making her carbon footprint considerably smaller.

The real carbon expenditure is the number of birders and how far they came to bird. Jon Dunn lives in Bishop, CA which is 468 miles from Fort Bragg, one way. Rob Fowler lives about 141 miles away. There were several birders from Lake County which would be about 100 miles away. Several birders came from Ukiah and Hopland. That's in the neighborhood of 60 to 70 miles away. There were very few local birders on the boat. The carbon footprint of a pelagic birding trip is not small. I just may be the only pelagic birder to admit that.

While birding at the Little River Airport early in the month of October I noticed a flock of Lesser Goldfinch fly into a tree. The fact that there was a flock of LEGOs at the airport was unusual since I had only seen individuals there. I took a few pictures and went on my way. When I got home I checked the pictures and there was a Lawrence's Goldfinch in the flock. LAGOs are rare in Mendocino County and especially so on the coast. It was the first one seen at the airport. LAGOs are a strange bird. After nesting they move east and west instead of north and south. They never nest in usual locations so it's hard to determine their population numbers. This is a male with it's black face and very yellow breast.

The big news at Virgin Creek Beach has been the high numbers of Black-bellied Plovers and Dunlins. The BBPL numbers have been approaching 150 and the DUNLINS have been as high as 50+. This has been happening for the last three weeks and have upset the Ebird filters. Sanderlings have also been high. These have been amazing numbers for a small stretch of Mendocino Coast.

The beach has been covered by the most Jellyfish I've ever seen. Normally they are small but these were big ones. Had a hard time dodging them while birding.


There was a Palm Warbler during the last SOS Virgin Creek Beach survey. Though rare here, when there is a shortage of Fall vagrants, like this year, it seems that a Palm Warbler shows up.

After the survey I was coming back from Ward Ave. and I spotted some small geese land in a field. One of the Cackling Geese had a band on it's right leg and a blue neck collar with the numbers 695 on it.

That's it for now. I will leave you with this question. How do they do this?





Wrap Up 3–The Blog

I have never done a blog before nor had I ever contemplated doing one. It seemed natural to do one for my “Green Birding Mendo” year. Where would I start? How would I learn? I had never considered myself a writer and had to struggle to take the time to do it. A little investigation on the internet and I found several companies that hosted blogs and you could do it for free. That part certainly appealed to me. They said it was easy to get started. I guess it was. I decided on WordPress, signed up and plunged into this blogging experience. If you read my first blogs you might get a laugh at my attempts to insert a picture and wrap text around it. I found all the buttons above the writing screen intimidating. What were links? What were tags and why did I need to use them. I wanted to use my Ipad but all the reviews for the WordPress App were bad. Then I found “BlogPad Pro” for WordPress and I was on my way. In fact I would find it hard to blog on my regular computer now. BlogPad Pro had a simple “How To” section on their website that answered all my questions. I still don’t know what most of those buttons do but I can get by.

When you finally start a blog you wonder what do you say? There’s no sense writing to yourself so how do you get noticed? Is your message important enough to continue? Will people read it? You actually need some encouragement, so thank you for your comments and your decision to follow my birding year.

I guess you can divide this blog into four subjects, the birds, climate change, bus riding and biking. Each subject attracted an audience. There was lot’s to say about each. It was time consuming researching each subject. I finally found a system that made it easier. I used the “news” app, “Flipboard” and it allowed me to target my subjects. When I found something that interested me I could save it to the “Pocket” app for later reading. “Pocket” sent me an email saying that they were impressed with my stats. I was in the top 5% of readers in Pocket and that I had read 287,987 words which was like reading, “The Great Gatsby” 6 times. I’m a better reader than writer.

So there were some people out there reading my blog. What are the final stats for the year? I actually stayed up until midnight on New Years, something I haven’t done in awhile, to get some screenshots of my blog statistics. 

The year ended with a flurry because my post, “Contrasts–A Tale of Two Birders” got linked to the ABA’s Blog. Total views as of this date, 10 days into the new year, have jumped to 1,107 mainly due to a November post called, “80%–EIGHTY FREAKIN PERCENT. It got over 350 views in the first two days of January. Still don’t understand how these things happen.


My blog got viewed in 25 countries. The United States came in first with Canada next, followed by the United Kingdom. Since the first of the year I’ve added 3 more.

For the year I wrote 191 posts. Never would have thought that possible. I wrote on lot’s of subjects. Some of the posts were pretty bad. Some of them I’m proud of. I’m glad I wrote, “Contrasts–A Tale of Two Birders”, mentioned above. My 5 part series on the “Psychology of Bus Riding” caught the eye of the Mendocino Transit Authority (MTA). This one on “How Not to set Next to the Weirdo” was the most fun to write. My “Miami is Doomed” and “The Marshall Islands are Doomed” attracted some attention. One post that seemed to get noticed continually during the year was, “The Collapse of Western Civilization: A View from the Future”. It’s a combination of science fiction and history written from the point of view of a 24th century historian, “…all agree that the people of Western civilization knew what was happening to them but were unable to stop it. Indeed, the most startling aspect of this story is just how much these people knew, yet how little they acted upon what they knew.” It’s a frightening quote. There is one post that I wish had gotten more attention. It is called, “So—What’s the Hurry??”. It was an “Inside Climate News” story about, “The Most Important Climate Paper Few Have Ever Heard of”. The startling fact is that, “80 percent of all fossil fuel reserves would have to remain untouched to prevent uncontrollable warming.”

Thanks to my followers.  

Bud Glory of “ArtlessPoems” was one of my first followers. Bud specializes in “poems lacking poetry”. In Bud’s words, “I, Bud Glory, am writing this in the year 2012 having just traveled back in time from the year 2020…The future is hotter—much hotter; and by the year 2019 so much ice (that once made up the polar ice caps) has melted that sea levels have risen by 50 feet, totally wiping out island nations and cramming everyone into the centers of their continents; and population densities all around the world are so high that individual drops of water in the ocean have more freedom of movement than any person on land.” That might be the reason Bud was attracted to my blog. You can read more about him here

Ici & Là Nature (walk and bike in France) has been following me for sometime. Who(what) is Ici &Lá Nature and what does it mean? “”Ici & Là” means “Here and there” since our goal is to propose walking and biking tours everywhere in France and bordering countries. “Nature” because when you walk or bike, most of the time you are surrounded by Nature. Nature because this is also a very “natural” way of travelling close to the soil, the traditions, the people.”

“We are a group of European (for now mainly French) Outdoor Travel companies that market ourselves in English through Ici & Là Nature, a portal offering you a selection of some of our best trips.”

They have a great website and their blog has some great photography. Give them some consideration if you are planning a trip to France and biking or hiking is in your plans.

Thomas Hoather has the blog, “Let’s Geog” In Thomas’ own words, “My name is Thomas Hoather and I am currently 17 years old but will turn 18 in May 2014… I grew up in Winsford in Cheshire and I go to Knutsford Academy sixth form…I decided that I wanted to take Geography on to degree level for, well, many reasons. One is that I have enjoyed geography lessons since about the age of 11 where I was first properly introduced to it in year 7 (or 6th grade for those American geoggers out there)…Another reason is that the world is always changing therefore so is geography.” Thomas answers Geography questions sent in to his blog. I had the honor of asking him his first question.

Andrea C. Stumpf works in Theater Design and Production and is trying to live her life in a more environmentally friendly way. She states, “I love nature, its beauty and diversity.  I have become more and more worried that it is disappearing.” She has done some excellent posts on Germany’s “Green” Energy Program. Her blog is, “Barefeet In The Sand“.

James Elliott is a young journalist. He writes, “I’m a freelance journalist and political blogger.  I have a regular blog with The Huffington Postand I have been published on Liberal ConspiracyLeft Foot ForwardNew Left Project, CounterPunch and Mondoweiss.” His blog, “James Elliott-Journalist and Blogger Writing On Politics” will lead you to some of his writings.

Kendall F. Person is thepublicbloggerHe writes on a wide range of subjects. He states, “High school, college, ups, downs, high, lows. Life is what we call it. Its always given me exactly what I put into it. Close family. Friends are bond. Middle aged now. Rolling the dice again. But different this time around. I accept my limitations and I understand that gifts are for sharing.” His blog, “Where writing is a performance art and every post is a show.” is here.

Juan Bermćidez-Rey has the blog, “The Environment Wire” where he reports on the latest environmental news. What’s his blog all about? “With so many things going on all the time, and so much information being released everyday, how are you supposed to keep up with what’s going on in the world? Particularly, issues concerning the environment (climate change, food politics, preservation and conservation, environmental justice…) are constantly evolving, and the really important stuff is very hard to track. The Environment Wire is designed to help you keep track of the world. It constantly scans the web in order to select the most important stuff going on out there.”

I have two email “only” followers. Alison–thanks for your support and encouragement. You have the record for comments on my blog.

To the other email “only” follower I don’t know who you are. As far as I know I never got a message about you. Thanks for following me.

My next “Wrap Up” will be what I’m planning in the coming year. Stay tuned. 

Birds at Risk

How are birds being affected now? In some ways this can be a hard question to answer. The research or science might not be available for years. There can be multiple reasons for the decline of bird populations but nobody can argue that climate change has and will cause drought in the Southwest and will cause water problems for many birds. Think about duck populations in those Southwest states. Let take the case of a federally endangered species, the Whooping Crane.

Whooping Crane in flight in Texas.
Photo by: John Noll / USDA

According to Wikipedia, “The Whooping Crane (Grus americana), the tallest North American bird, is an endangered crane species named for its whooping sound. In 2003, there were about 153 pairs of whooping cranes. Along with the Sandhill Crane, it is one of only two crane species found in North America. The Whooping Crane’s lifespan is estimated to be 22 to 24 years in the wild. After being pushed to the brink of extinction by unregulated hunting and loss of habitat to just 21 wild and two captive Whooping Cranes by 1941, conservation efforts have led to a limited recovery. As of 2011, there are an estimated 437 birds in the wild and more than 165 in captivity.” Most of the few remaining Whooping Cranes winter in Texas at the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge. Whooping Cranes feed on Blue Crabs that need a certain mixture of fresh and salt water. Not enough fresh water, the crabs die along with the cranes that feed on them.

The conflict of fresh water distribution pitted a state agency against a federally protected bird. This year, “A federal judge has ruled that the state of Texas failed to take necessary steps to provide enough water to maintain the habitat of the endangered whooping crane – a decision which could have implications on how water in some areas is rationed in future droughts…The evidence established that the TCEQ defendants’ water management practices alter the salinity of San Antonio Bay and the designated critical habitat of the whooping crane,” Jack said in her 134-page opinion issued on Monday. “Inactions and refusal to act by the defendants proximately caused an unlawful ‘take’ of at least twenty-three whooping cranes.” You can read the full story in this Houston Chronicle story.

As you have read in this blog, climate change is warming up the oceans. Cold water fish are leaving their normal ranges in search of colder water. This is affecting sea birds that feed on these cold water fish. It’s happening on our East Coast and across the Atlantic Ocean in the United Kingdom. 

Photo by: Shutterstock

“Puffins, terns, and butterflies are among the key species in the U.K. being put at risk from global warming, which is transforming the U.K.’s coastal areas as sea levels rise and storms grow fiercer, a study by the National Trust has found.

Sea levels are predicted to rise by up to half a meter by the turn of the century, and coastal erosion is accelerating, with a fourfold increase in landslips reported.

Puffin chicks are having a particularly hard time — their preferred meal of sand eels is disappearing, owing to overfishing and changing ocean temperatures, and in their place a new fish has moved into U.K. waters that the chicks find indigestible. The newcomer is the snake pipefish, normally found in warmer waters but moving northwards as the climate changes — with devastating effects for puffins, as it is bony and hard for the birds to eat. Some chicks have been found dead, the trust reports, having choked trying to swallow pipefish.” This story can be found here.

“At the Maine Coastal Islands National Wildlife Refuge, the tiny bodies of Arctic tern chicks have piled up. Over the past few years, biologists have counted thousands that starved to death because the herring their parents feed them have vanished.

Puffins are also having trouble feeding their chicks, which weigh less than previous broods. When the parents leave the chicks to fend for themselves, the young birds are failing to find food, and hundreds are washing up dead on the Atlantic coast.

What’s happening to migratory seabirds? Biologists are worried about a twofold problem: Commercial fishing is reducing their food source, and climate change is causing fish to seek colder waters, according to a bulletin released Tuesday by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.” This story in the Bangor Daily News can be found here. It also talks about Puffins and the Red Knot, “Climate change also threatens a shorebird, the red knot. As temperatures warm, they are leaving the southern tip of Brazil later for a 9,000-mile journey back to their Arctic breeding ground. Timing is key, because red knots might miss the peak of Delaware’s horseshoe crab spawn, where they gorge themselves on eggs and double their weight.”

(Credit: AP/Elaine Thompson)

This Thinkprogress article further explains the Red Knot issue.

Most of the bird groups mentioned in the last post agree that the issue of climate change will change the cycle of food and prey timing that will affect all migratory birds. There are links to those reports in that post.

What about other animals. Here is just a short list of animals that are being affected.

Climate Change Is Killing The Wolves Of Isle Royale.

Desert Tortoises May Be Starving, Dehydrating And Dying Because of Climate Change

Polar Bear Attacks on the Rise